<Life of Prophet Mohamed ppuh 18
Settling in Medina
The Muslims began to settle down in Medina. The name Medina means town, short for “Town of Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him”; it used to be called Yathrib before.
The year of the migration was considered the first year of the Islamic Calendar which goes by the Lunar months. This started at the time of the rule of the second Khalifa “Omar Ibn El-Khatab”. Some thought of taking the year of Allah’s messenger’s birth the starting point, and others thought of taking the year he first received the message to be the starting point. They all agreed to take the year of the migration to Medina to be the starting year, because of its great importance, and to take the month of Moharam as the first month of the year.
Abd Allah Ibn Salam the Jewish scholar embraces Islam:
Abd Allah Ibn Salam was one of the scholars of the Jews in Medina. He heard about Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him recognized him from his description in the Torah.
When Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him reached Qibaa, man went to tell him. Abd Allah was working on a palm tree of his, and under the tree was his maternal aunt. When heard from the man, he said “Allah Akbar’, and his aunt said to him: “Shame on you, you would not have said any more had you heard of Moses the son of Imran coming?” He said to her: “My aunt, by Allah, he is a brother to Moses the son of Imran, following the same religion, and sent with what Moses was sent with”. She said: “O my nephew is he the prophet we were told that he will be sent? He said: Yes. Abd Allah Ibn Salam went to see Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him and declared his Islam, then returned home to his family who embraced Islam too.
I did not tell the Jews about my embracing Islam, and he went to Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him and said: “Allah’s messenger, the Jews are lying people, would you hide me from them in one of your rooms, then ask them about me before I tell them about my Islam, for if they know about it beforehand, they will insult me and call me liar?” Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him entered me into one of his rooms and when they went to him, they went to him and asked him, then he asked them about me, they said said: “A noble and son of a noble, and our pious and scholar”. When they finished I appeared and said: “O Jewish people, fear Allah and accept what he came to you with, for by Allah you know that he is Allah’s messenger, you will find it written about him in Torah by his name and description, I testify that He is Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him, I believe in him, accept him and know him”. They said: “You lie” then they started saying bad things about me, I said to Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him: “Did I not tell you that they betray, lie and wicked”. I showed my Islam and my family’s and my aunt Khaledah the daughter of Hareth embraced Islam and was good in her Islam”.
Mukhayreq embraces Islam:
Mukhayreq was a rich Jewish man, and he had many palm trees. He was also a scholar who knew about Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him from the Torah.
On the day of the battle of Ohud, he said to his people: “You know that it is your duty to support Mohamed”. No one of them went out, and Mukhaireq made a will that if he was to be killed that day, all his money and property go to Mohamed. He went out and fought with the Muslims, and was martyred, and Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him inherited his money and property.
Safia Bent Hoyai embraces Islam:
She narrated that she was the one of the children most loved by her father and to her uncle Abi Yasser. When Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him arrived to Qibaa, by Medina, her father and uncle went to see him, and did not come back until sunset. When they returned they did not give her any notice and they appear sad and unhappy. She hears her uncle say to her father: “Is he the one?” Her father said: “Yes, by Allah he is”, her uncle said: “Do you know him for sure?” He said: “Yes”, he said: “What do you feel about him?” Her father answered: “Animosity for as long as I live”.
Safia later married Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him.
Most of the idle worshipping Arabs in Medina embraced Islam and only few of the Jews. Some Idle worshipping Arabs pretended to be Muslims to keep their good relations with their kin folks, which meant the emergence of a group of hypocrites. They used to go to Allah’s messenger’s mosque in Medina and they would sit together and mock the Muslims by words or gesture. One day Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him ordered them out of the Mosque, and they were thrown out.
Some of the hypocrites were thrown out of the mosque and not all of them. Many of them also turned back from their way to meet the disbelievers on the day of the battle of Ohud.
The hypocrites are present in every time and place, therefore Allah the Highest spoke about them a great deal in the Quran in more than one place; In Sorah Al-Baqarah saying: “AND OF PEOPLE THOSE WHO SAY: “WE BELIEVE IN ALLAH AND THE LAST DAY”, WHILE THEY ARE NOT BELIEVERS * THEY TRY TO DECEIVE ALLAH AND THE BELIEVERS, BUT THEY ONLY DECEIVE THEMSELVES, BUT THEY DO NOT KNOW * THERE IS A DISEASE IN THEIR HEARTS AND ALLAH INCREASED THEIR DISEASE, AND A PAINFUL PENALTY IS THEIRS BECAUSE OF THEIR LYING * AND WHEN IT IS SAID TO THEM: MAKE NO MISCHEIR ON EARTH. THEY SAY: BUT WE ARE PUTTING THINGS RIGHT * INDEED THEY ARE THE MISCHEIF MAKERS BUT THEY DO NOT REALIZE IT * AND WHEN IT IS SAID TO THEM: BELIEVE AS PEOPLE BELIEVE. THEY SAY: ARE WE TO BELIEVE AS THE FOOLS BELIEVE. INDEED, THEY ARE THE FOOLS BUT THEY KNOW IT NOT * AND WHEN THEY MEET WITH THE BELIEVERS THEY SAY: WE BELIEVE. BUT WHEN THEY ARE WITH THEIR DEVILS THEY SAY: WE ARE WITH YOU WE ARE ONLY JESTING * ALLAH MOCKS THEM, AND GIVES THEM LEEWAY IN THEIR WICKEDNESS TO KEEP WANDERING BLINDLY IN THEIR INSOLENCE * THEY ARE THOSE WHO TRADED THE RIGHT GUIDANCE FOR THE MISGUIDANCE; NEITHER WAS IT A PROFITABLE TRADE NOR WERE THEY RIGHTLY GUIDED”. (S: 2 A: 8-16)
Allah the Highest also sent down a whole Sorah called Monafeqeen (hypocrites) starts saying: “WHEN THE HYPOCRITES COME TO YOU, THEY SAY: WE BEAR WITNESS THAT YOU ARE ALLAH’S MESSENGER; ALLAH KNOWS THAT YOU ARE HIS MESSENGER, AND ALLAH BEARS WITNESS THAT THE HYPOCRITES ARE LYING * …..
Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him said: “Four characters, if they are present in a person, he will be a pure hypocrites, and if he has one of them, he would a character of hypocrisy until he gives it up; he lies when he speaks, he does not fulfill his promise, he betrays his covenants, and transgresses all the limits when in animosity”. (N: Eman, 20)
Allah’s messenger prayer and peace upon him never named the hypocrites although he knew them by name. Allah the Highest and His messenger prayer and peace upon him described them to us to be able to identify and recognized them in all times and places.
Dr Ahmed Saafan